Testicular, Pleural (lungs), Pericardial (heart) and peritoneal (abdomen) are the four main types of mesothelioma. The most common from these are peritoneal and pleural which have overall 90 percent from all the diagnoses. There are four type of mesothelioma are cancers which are known by the doctors. They have named them after the parts of bodies in which this cancer generates. In the lining of lungs, from the most acknowledged or the common type of mesothelioma named plural.
In the peritoneum, there forms peritoneal mesothelioma. Peritoneum is the place where membranes line the abdominal cavity. And peritoneum is the second most known type of mesothelioma cancer after the pleural cancer. Most of the mesothelioma cases are from these two types of forms and mostly specialist also treats their patients in these two types of categories. The other two left forms (are testicular and pericardial, which are) the rarest types of mesothelioma cancer. Testicular mesothelioma develops in the lining of testicles while the pericardial mesothelioma cancers initiate in the lining of the heart. Both of these two rarest diseases, together are less than two percent of mesothelioma cancers and also appears less in diagnostics.
Main reasons of All the Mesothelioma cancers
There is a common analogy found in all the different types and subtypes of mesothelioma cancers. Each one of them is formed after the extensive exposure of asbestos. Most of the time this exposure takes place in the workplace, and if the doctor thinks of any mesothelioma cancer, then you should think over any exposure to asbestos , its products or materials, during you work hours or somewhere else. You should try to link the chain and check that is the doctor right of wrong in his suspicion.
Many of the mesothelioma pleural cancers patients can chain themselves back to the hours when they took asbestos fibers in. But peritoneal mesothelioma caner forms when the person had swallowed the fibers. For the other two rarest types of mesothelioma cancers researchers are digging deep to know about their origin. They are also looking for the situation in which testicular and pericardial mesothelioma cancers takes place.
This form of mesothelioma caner starts to trigger in the mesothelial lining of lungs, which is named as pleura. Pleural mesothelioma cancer is nearly the 75 percent of all the cancer cases. This type of cancer has various symptoms and they may change from a person to person or place to place but the most appearing pleural mesothelioma signs are
- Difficulty swallowing
- Fever/ night sweats
- Persistent dry cough
- Shortness of breath
- Persistent chest pain
Treatment to this type of cancer is basically dependent of the stage at which you are standing. The doctors diagnose the patient and then decide about the patient. For early stages diagnostics of this mesothelioma cancer, doctors use curative surgery. But to our surprise, most of the treatments are given or taken by the patient in the last stages of palliative when their major focus is to improve the quality of life of the patient and also to relieve the symptoms.
This form of mesothelioma caner initiates in the mesothelial lining of abdomen which is known to us as peritoneum. It is formed after swallowing the fibers. After pleural, this is the second most common type of mesothelioma cancer which approximately have 20 percent of mesothelioma cases to its name. The symptoms of this cancer are
- Weight loss
- Abdominal pain
- Constipation or diarrhea
- Abdominal swelling
- Vomiting / Nausea
Patients who are diagnosed with peritoneal mesothelioma can contain the signs caused by the thickening of peritoneal membrane and the buildup of fluid. Peritoneal mesothelioma escalates quickly throughout the body so treatment for this type of cancer can be hard and difficult to operate. Heated chemotherapy has shown significant improvement while treating peritoneal mesothelioma.
This type of mesothelioma cancer forms on the outside lining of the heart, known as the pericardium. It stands third in the race of mesothelioma cancers, which is rare and accounts for only 1 percent of all the reported mesothelioma cases. The sings starts to show when fluid take up in the portion between the layers of the pericardium cancer. The signs of pericardial mesothelioma cancers are
- Difficulty in breathing
- Fever / Night Sweats
- Chest pain
- Irregular Heartbeat
To relieve the symptoms of pericardial mesothelioma, doctors are in practice to treat their patient with palliative therapies as with the other types of mesothelioma cases. It contains a lot of risk to remove pericardial tumor with surgery because this form of cancer lies near to the heart.
This type of cancer forms in the tunica vaginalis, the lining of the testes. Testicular Mesothelioma comes fourth in the race, the last known type of Mesothelioma cancer. It has less than 1 percent from all the mesothelioma cases. Most of the people come to know about this cancer while having surgery for any other type of condition.
Due to the rarity in this type of cancer, the researchers have a lot less or no knowledge about this form of cancer. They are also out of luck which it comes to the symptoms of this disease. They have known only two types of indicators for testicular mesothelioma which are painless swelling of scrotum and testicular lumps. A person cannot know about this type of mesothelioma cancer until the lumps develop. To save the testicular mesothelioma patient, doctors remove affected or all the parts of the testicle while performing surgery. Sometimes physicians ask for adjuvant therapy which involves radiation therapy or chemotherapy after performing the operation to remove any remaining cancel cells.
It is not hard for doctors to discern any type of mesothelioma from one another. And that is due to the fact that mesothelioma cancer develops directly into body structures near the area of its origin before going places in the body. To distinguish between the forms doctors will have a visible growth in the abdominal cavity with peritoneal mesothelioma and tumor growth in the chest cavity with pleural mesothelioma.