There are only three main types of treatment available for mesothelioma patients which as radiation, surgery and chemotherapy. You are suffering from mesothelioma, its stage, the diagnostics and your overall health will decide which type of treatment you will get. If the mesothelioma virus has not expanded then a joint action of chemotherapy, radiation and surgery will be offered to you. And this joint action treatment is called multimodal therapy.
If the mesothelioma is successful to infect your body significantly, then doctors mostly prescribe palliative treatments that will help to disintegrate pain, other caner sign that are in action to tear apart your quality of life and breathing problems. There will still be space for chemotherapy and radiation but there is now no more room for major surgery. Chemotherapy helps to minimize the tumors, also with night sweat and chest pain. Radiation therapy will also help to calm down the amount of pain, re-stable your breathing problem by minimizing tumors that push on your nerves, airways and veins. Non-curative surgeries can also help to remove tumors that inflect heavy sings, or drain fluids that constructs in the abdomen and chest.
You can also have knowledge from your doctor about any other treatment options that are available excluding surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. There are other types of testing treatments available but are under the roof of clinical trials and with luck sometimes they can work like a charm and create a big difference. Some of the patients affected from mesothelioma also look into other types of treatments like acupuncture, yoga or massage therapy. These treatments can also be looked as normal treatment like radiation therapy. So, have a nice chat with your physician and tell him which of the worlds you would like to explore about treatments.
Best Treatments for Mesothelioma
It is used to cure many of the cancer types such as mesothelioma. Chemotherapy’s drugs are available in the market, which are designated to wipe out your cancer cell by normally delivering the medicine into a vein in your arm. Pemetrexed and Cisplatin are the most knowledgeable and most working chemotherapy drugs for anyone that is suffering from mesothelioma symptoms. Pemetrexed mixed with carboplatin is a normal chemotherapy cocktail that works on your cancer cells but leaves the body with minor side effects.
Heated intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) is a multimodal treatment that may be prescribed by your physician if you are suffering from peritoneal mesothelioma. It is given right after this therapy to extinct microscopic cancer cells that are un-intentionally missed by you surgeon. This therapy also has a second name, heated chemotherapy. A study has shown that more than 400 peritoneal patients have survived for more than four year, after their treatment with HIPEC. The side effect of chemotherapy is that its drugs also affect your healthy cells while diminishing cancer cells. So, there are more chances for you to feel worse after you have received the treatment. And this is a major reason why a portion from patients avoids receiving chemotherapy. But for some of the patient due to its remarkable effort, to kill cancer they go for this therapy while neglecting the negative effect. An expert in this field may open your eye to let you understand, how many options are available for you.
Most known chemotherapy drug for the treatment of mesothelioma are
- Alimta (pemetrexed)
If the mesothelioma cancer resides in the lining around the abdomen or lungs then you have get an aggressive surgery. This option might be significantly curative. A joint portion from Radiation Therapy and chemotherapy might be added with the aggressive surgery with an aim to wipe out the cancer cells that are still alive after the operation.
More palliative and less traumatic surgeries are also available. If the cancer has strong roots in your body or you health condition is poor and not able to withstand the strain of the major surgery than most these surgeries are added to your options. Like other surgeries their main focus is to help you feel better and take off some of your cancer symptoms. A joint action of radiation and chemotherapy may also be added to your dose after or before these surgeries.
Surgeries for mesothelioma include
- Cytoreductive/ Peritonectomy
- Wedge resection
- Decortication/ Pleurectomy(D/P)
- Extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP)
Each and every cancer treatment option have a positive effect by its own self, but cancer experts mostly go for a more productive multimodal approach –a patient- tailored mix surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Together experts of each field put a plan that will work best in your favor. Mesothelioma is controlled by this therapy and some of the patients have tired this multi-faceted approach. The power of this therapy comes from the experts of their own field and their perfect blend.
It involves the use of high-potential energy rays to target the cancer, and radiation therapy is also a noninvasive technique. It is mostly a duo of different type of treatment options, to manage the growth of tumor or help you to minimize it. Lacking the positive side effect it is not as much working as chemotherapy but mostly it helps to shrink the physical pain of mesothelioma. As we know that radiation is can be hazardous to many organs and disturbs DNA while extinction cancer cells. Only with specific types of mesothelioma, it is used sparingly. When there is no space for surgery, radiation can also be used in a palliative situation.
There only two types of primary radiations
- Intra-operative (done while surgery in going on)
- External beam
What Clinical Trials and Emerging treatments are available?
Some of the patients with mesothelioma have found out unexpected luck with the success with the clinical trials, exploring the most modern approaches to therapy. There are no guarantees with these treatments for now but this is where future cancer treatments reside and they are being developed. Participating in a clinical trial might benefit you and with you it will also benefit future mesothelioma patients because scientists are searching for more effective methods to cure these diseases.
The future is still under developed as scientists are working on this but don’t hesitate while asking your doctor for new treatments. Some of the therapies such as immunotherapy, photo dynamic therapy and gene therapy have significance potential in them.
It aims to cure to put off cancer by injecting genetic substance into your body. One form of therapy which is being developed in the mesothelioma clinical trials aims to target cancer cells and causes them to die. This therapy is called suicide gene therapy
It makes your own immune system so strong that it helps to fight against the cancer cells. Certain types of immunotherapy are marked as vaccination therapy. This therapy is now only available in the clinical trials right now.
It uses light energy to fight against the cancer cells. First a special light sensitive drug is injected to the body and after some days a specific light is thrown to the affected areas, with the help of a laser to start the drug.